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  • Fatehpur Sikri- Agra

    Fatehpur Sikri- Agra

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Fatehpur Sikri is a historical city located near Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Here are some key points about Fatehpur Sikri:

  1. History: Fatehpur Sikri was founded in 1569 by the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great. It served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585, during which time it flourished as a center of art, culture, and architecture.

  2. Reason for Construction: Akbar founded Fatehpur Sikri to honor the Sufi saint Sheikh Salim Chishti, who predicted the birth of Akbar's son and heir, Prince Salim (later Emperor Jahangir). The city's name, Fatehpur Sikri, translates to "City of Victory" and "City of Sikri" respectively, commemorating Akbar's victorious campaigns in Gujarat and the village of Sikri where he stayed during the early years of his reign.

  3. Architecture: Fatehpur Sikri is renowned for its magnificent Mughal architecture, characterized by red sandstone structures adorned with intricate carvings and decorative elements. The city's architectural highlights include the Jama Masjid, Buland Darwaza, Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti, Diwan-i-Khas, Diwan-i-Aam, Panch Mahal, and Jodha Bai's Palace.

  4. Religious Significance: The city is home to several important religious buildings, including mosques, tombs, and palaces. The Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti is a revered pilgrimage site, visited by people of all faiths seeking blessings.

  5. Abandonment: Fatehpur Sikri was abandoned as the Mughal capital in 1585 due to water shortages and the threat of attacks by neighboring kingdoms. The city's abandonment was hastened by Akbar's military campaigns in the Punjab region and his decision to move the capital to Lahore temporarily.

  6. UNESCO World Heritage Site: In recognition of its historical and architectural significance, Fatehpur Sikri was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986. It attracts tourists from around the world who come to admire its splendid architecture and learn about its rich history.

  7. Accessibility: Fatehpur Sikri is located approximately 40 kilometers (25 miles) west of Agra and is easily accessible by road. It is often visited as a day trip from Agra along with the nearby Taj Mahal and Agra Fort.

Overall, Fatehpur Sikri stands as a testament to the grandeur and glory of the Mughal Empire, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of India's past.

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