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  • Jantar Mantar - Delhi

    Jantar Mantar - Delhi

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Jantar Mantar is a historic astronomical observatory located in the heart of Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Here are some key points about Jantar Mantar:

  1. History: Jantar Mantar was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur, in the early 18th century. Jai Singh II was a keen astronomer and mathematician who commissioned the construction of several observatories across India to study celestial phenomena and make accurate astronomical calculations.

  2. Purpose: The primary purpose of Jantar Mantar was to observe and measure the positions of celestial bodies such as the sun, moon, planets, and stars. The observatory features a collection of architectural and astronomical instruments designed to track the movement of heavenly bodies and determine important astronomical parameters such as time, declination, and altitude.

  3. Architecture: Jantar Mantar is renowned for its unique and innovative architectural design, which reflects the scientific knowledge and ingenuity of its creators. The observatory consists of a series of large masonry structures, including giant sundials, celestial globes, and other specialized instruments, arranged in geometric patterns across a spacious open area.

  4. Instruments: Some of the notable instruments at Jantar Mantar include the Samrat Yantra (Giant Sundial), which is the largest sundial in the world and can accurately measure time to within 2 seconds, and the Jai Prakash Yantra, a hemispherical structure with two concave hemispheres used to measure the positions of celestial objects.

  5. UNESCO World Heritage Site: Jantar Mantar, along with four other observatories built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, and Varanasi, was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2010. The observatories are collectively recognized for their cultural significance and contribution to the history of astronomy.

  6. Visitor Attraction: Today, Jantar Mantar is a popular tourist attraction in Jaipur, drawing visitors from around the world with its fascinating blend of science, history, and architecture. Visitors can explore the various instruments, learn about their functioning and significance, and gain insights into ancient Indian astronomy and mathematics.

  7. Accessibility: Jantar Mantar is located in the historic center of Jaipur, near other prominent landmarks such as the City Palace and Hawa Mahal. It is easily accessible by road and is open to visitors throughout the year, offering guided tours and educational programs to enhance the visitor experience.

Overall, Jantar Mantar stands as a testament to the scientific achievements of ancient India and serves as a living legacy of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II's vision and legacy in the field of astronomy.

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